Cell and Molecular Biology
– origin of life, cell metabolism (including photosynthesis/ enzymology, cellular processes, thermodynamics, organelle structure and function, mitosis/meiosis, cell structure, and experimental cell biology
Diversity of Life: Biological Organization and Relationship of Major Taxa (Six-Kingdom, Three-Domain System)
– plantae, animalia, protista, fungi, eubacteria (bacteria), archae, etc.
Structure and Function of Systems
– integumentary, skeletal, muscular, circulatory, immunological, digestive, respiratory, urinary, nervous/senses, endocrine, reproductive, etc.
– fertilization, descriptive embryology, developmental mechanisms, and experimental embryology
– molecular genetics, human genetics, classical genetics, chromosomal genetics, and genetic technology
Evolution, Ecology, and Behavior
– natural selection, population genetics/speciation, cladistics, population and community ecology, ecosystems, and animal behavior (including social behavior).
Stoichiometry and General Concepts
– percent composition, empirical formulae, balancing equations, moles and molecular formulas, molar mass, density, and calculations from balanced equations
– kinetic molecular theory of gases, Dalton’s, Boyle’s, Charles’s, and ideal gas law Liquids and Solids – intermolecular forces, phase changes, vapor pressure, structures, polarity, and properties
– polarity, properties (colligative, non-colligative), forces, and concentration calculations
Acids and Bases
– pH, strength, Brønsted-Lowry reactions, calculations, and Lewis Reactions
– molecular, acid/base, precipitation, calculations, and Le Chatelier’s principle, and Molecular form weights
Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry
– laws of thermodynamics, Hess’s law, spontaneity, enthalpies and entropies, and heat transfer
– rate laws, activation energy, and half-life Oxidation-Reduction Reactions – balancing equations, determination of oxidation numbers, electrochemical calculations, and electrochemical concepts and terminology
Atomic and Molecular Structure
– electron configuration, orbital types, Lewis-Dot diagrams, atomic theory, quantum theory, molecular geometry, bond types, and sub- atomic particles
– representative elements, transition elements, periodic trends, and descriptive chemistry
– balancing equations, binding energy, decay processes, particles, and terminology
– basic techniques, equipment, error analysis, safety, and data analysis
Perceptual Ability Test (PAT)
The Perceptual Ability Test (PAT) consists of six sections:
- Top/Front/End Visualization
- Angle Ranking
- Hole Punches
- Cube Counting
- Pattern Folding
The Reading Comprehension Test contains three reading passages on various scientific topics. Prior understanding of the science topics is not a prerequisite to answering the test items. The reading passages require the ability to read, comprehend, and analyze thoroughly basic scientific information.